Ebola killed more than 1,500 people in Africa during the outbreak in summer 2014. The most people who become infected will not survive. But there are some viruses which have lower mortality, but kill more people annually than Ebola does. Here are 5 viruses that can be even more dangerous than Ebola.
Over the latest years rabies became a public threat. This virus is transmitted to people through salvia of infected animals (usually, dogs and bats). If a person was bitten, he should receive the vaccine, which prevents infection. But very often people may nit realize that they were bitten. Especially in the case of bats and rats. Less than 5 people in the whole world are known to have ever survived this disease without receiving the vaccine. Nearly 55,000 people die of rabies every year in Africa and Asia., according to the World Health Organization.
According to WHO, 1.6 million people worldwide died of HIV in 2012. 35,3 million people are currently living with HIV. 95% of new infections occur in sub-Saharan Africa.
This virus attacks immune cells and destroys the immune system. It is very hard for infected individuals to fight off even the easiest diseases. However no cure for HIV exists.
Flu doesn`t sound scary, but it kills much more people annually than Ebola does. Approximately from 250,000 to 500,000 people die every year. From 3 to 5 million people become ill. Despite rather low mortality rate, doctors recommend annual flu shots. Although flu vaccine can`t protect you from the new kinds of flu virus which can occur any moment. The most recent influenza pandemic, the “swine flu” or H1N1 pandemic, killed between 151,700 and 575,400 people globally during 2009 and 2010.
4. Mosquito-borne viruses
Dengue, West Nile and yellow fever spread through the bite of infected mosquito. Every year more than 50,000 people worldwide die because of these diseases. Malaria which also spreads by mosquitos kills more than 60,000 people yearly.
This kind of virus is a very serious problem for the children worldwide. Nearly 111 million cases of gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus are reported each year. The majority of infected are children under the age of 5. Globally 440,000 children die each year from complications, mostly – dehydration. A vaccine for rotavirus was made in 1998, but later it was recalled due to safety concerns. A newer one was made in 2006 and now it is available and recommended for children ages 2 month and older.