5 Health events that made headlines around the world in 2014

Health events made headlines around the world in 2014. It included some important breakthroughs, startling outbreaks and trends that caught the attention of people all over the world.

Ebola provoked “the largest international response in the history of the CDC.” The Ebola epidemic is the largest in history and is a threat to global security. Some favourable treatments are founded on the theory that blood from a survivor of the virus may be the most potent medicine for others who get infected. As of 29 December 2014, the ebola outbreak has 20,206 reported cases and has claimed 7,905 lives.

We now have a cure for hepatitis. This is a severe liver disease, but a person with hepatitis can be treated with one tablet, taken daily for 8, 12, or 24 weeks. The pill, Harvoni is a combination of the drugs sofosbuvir and ledipasvir.  It’s extremely expensive, about $1,000 per tablet, making it unaffordable for most people. Doctors will monitor patients to make sure they quit alcohol and ensure they take the medicine exactly as prescribed.

The “Ice Bucket Challenge” raised more than $115 million to raise awareness and combat ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis). Also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, ALS damages nerve cells in the brain, which inhibits signals that make muscles move. This can result in complete paralysis and death within 5 years. Researchers believe studying proteins in the brain may help people with ALS live longer.

Doctors associated lifestyle with Alzheimer’s disease. The research proves that things that are good for your heart can also help lower the risk of Alzheimer’s. Regular exercise, quitting smoking and weight management are ways to prevent Alzheimer’s. A diet rich in whole grains, fruits and vegetables, fish, olive oil, and other health fats, helps maintain brain power.

According to researchers of a startling paper published in March, eating large amounts of meat and cheese may be as harmful as smoking cigarettes. The extensive study analysed over 6,3oo people and found that middle-aged men and women who ate a diet high in animal proteins that come from meat and dairy products were at a higher risk of dying from cancer than those who ate a diet low in protein. The people also died at a younger age.