The first step toward getting flawless skin is determining your skin type. Whether you have oily, dry or combination skin, it’s important to know what the best care for your skin type is.
Your skin care routine depends on the quality of your skin, but not everyone is aware of their skin type. As a result, skincare treatments may be ineffective.
Find out which skin type description fits you best:
Dry skin can be rough and flaky. It is easily irritated and you may have red patches or eczema. Makeup and products cause redness or a stinging feeling. If your skin is tight and dry during the day, even a couple hours after moisturising, then you probably have dry skin.
Caring for Dry Skin
• Always use a gentle cleanser for your skin. Natural cleansers like coconut or olive oil effectively cleanse skin without stripping it of its natural oils. Use mild cleansers to remove makeup as well as dirt.
• Skip long, hot showers. Hot water opens up your pores and draws out the sebum from your skin, causing it to dry out. Have a single 5 or 10 minute warm shower or bath every day or bathe with lukewarm water.
• Moisturise while your skin is still moist. Pat your skin dry with a towel after you shower or wash your face, leaving it moist. Apply a moisturiser within three to five minutes of washing to seal the moisture in. Moisturise before bedtime every night.
Your face looks moist and shiny, and you can feel some oil on your face. Your pores tend to be clogged and your skin is prone to breakouts. If your skin gets oily by midday, and you deal with blackheads, whiteheads and cystic acne, then you have oily skin.
Caring for Oily Skin
• Cleanse oily skin with a gentle cleanser in the morning and evening. While cleansing, use your fingertips and gently rub in a circular motion for 30 seconds before rinsing. Wash your face with warm water, but finish with a cold water rinse to close your pores.
• Use salicylic acid and non-comedogenic products. Salicylic acid can reduce redness and inflammation as it opens pores. Non-comedogenic products do not block the pores.
• Don’t skip moisturising. It’s a myth that people with oily skin should steer clear of moisturisers. It’s important for skin to be hydrated, so use an oil-free moisturiser with SPF 30.
If your “T-zone” (nose and forehead area primarily) and chin are oily and tend to break out, but you have dry skin on your cheeks and around your eyes, then you have combination skin. Combination skin also changes according to climate and season.
Caring for Combination Skin
• Choose a gentle, water-soluble cleanser. This will help prevent irritation and dryness. A gel-based or mild foaming cleanser is good for combination skin.
• Steer clear of bar soaps as they dry out and damage your skin.
• Spot-treat with salicylic acid. Apply salicylic acid products to oily areas of your face thrice a week.
• Moisturise. Moisturise with oil-free products that have SPF 30 and use a richer moisturiser for drier areas of your face.